On 27 March, girls carry buckets filled with water, in the Kwanaya camp for internally displaced people, outside Yola, the capital of Adamawa, a state in the countrys north-east. Other children, women and men are gathered nearby. UNICEF supports the operation of a small clinic and helps maintain a supply of fresh drinking water in the camp.
In March 2015 in Nigeria, 15.5 million people, including 7.3 million children, are affected by the continuing crisis in the countrys north-eastern region. More than 1.2 million Nigerians have fled their homes as a result of violence and attacks by Boko Haram insurgents that have escalated since the beginning of 2015. Many of the displaced, most of whom are children and women, are sheltering with in host communities that have limited resources, and in formal and informal camps. All are in urgent need basic supplies, health and nutrition services, and critical water sanitation and hygiene support to prevent the spread of disease. Over 150,000 people the vast majority children and women have also fled to neighbouring Cameroon, Chad and Niger, further straining vulnerable communities some of which are already facing food insecurity and malnutrition, are prone to disease outbreaks and natural disasters, and often already host hundreds of thousands of refugees, returnees and migrants who have escaped violence and hardship throughout the region. The impact of the crisis on children and women is of particular concern. Many of them have lost their homes and belongings escaping with only the clothing they were wearing; and some have walked for days or even weeks to find refuge. Many children in the region have been traumatized and are in need of psychosocial support. They have witnessed violence and atrocities, including seeing parents and siblings slaughtered by Boko Haram insurgents; and have been exposed to or have experienced violence and brutality. Their homes have been burned and their schools have bee